Story by Scott Stowell
Video by Jerry Stenger

We shall not cease from exploration
And the end of all our exploring
Will be to arrive where we started
And know the place for the first time.

T. S. Eliot

At a time when the northland climate is offering a glimpse of easing, Will Steger isn’t ready to call it a winter. On March 21, he’ll begin an expedition that straddles the seasons. It’s a 1,000-mile, 70-day journey through the Barren Lands in the Canadian Arctic. It will be the longest solo expedition of his life.

Photo Credit: Scott Stowell - Special to the Star Tribune

Photo Credit: Scott Stowell – Special to the Star Tribune

Nevermind that at 73-years-old he’s going alone. He’ll also be traversing the Barrens during breakup, the transition between winter and spring, a time of treacherous water when no one has considered exploring the region. He said the adventure will present challenges like he’s never experienced before.

But while physical and mental challenges are important to Steger, he said they come with a gratifying tradeoff—the splendor of the Barrens’ country. During the two-plus months he’ll travel the land, he’ll catch the tail end of winter and experience the full breakup of spring, from ice to water to the return of wildlife.

“Spring is the most beautiful time of year in the Barrens,” he said. “When waterfowl migrate back, it’s like the Serengeti.”

Steger will also be taking the pulse of changing climate in the region. He said it won’t be through observation so much as being intuitively immersed in the physical landscape. For that, he’ll rely on predator-prey relationships during migration. He said caribou patterns speak volumes about change and he’ll get a good cross section as a result of his own migration through. “The whole ecosystem follows the caribou, from the wolf to the muskox. I’ll check in with them to see how the herds are doing.”

The Route

The Barrens are renowned for inhospitable winds and subzero temperatures. That combination makes it the coldest region in the Northern Hemisphere. It’s a stark landscape devoid of villages, mining camps and people.

Steger will depart from the Chipewyan community of Black Lake in northwestern Saskatchewan. He’ll make his way north into Canada’s Northwest Territories, then dogleg east through Nunavut to his final destination at the Caribou Inuit village of Baker Lake near Hudson Bay.

Steger said the initial 50 miles will be the hardest section of the expedition due to its deep snow, long portages and rivers. It’s in the forested area south of the Barrens and will take him across the Chipman Portages. The first is five miles long. His portaging method generally involves four trips, three for gear and the fourth with his canoe sled. That translates to seven treks back and forth, or 35 miles. He’s considered making three trips, but said it’s not wise to carry super heavy loads when he’s alone.

The next 300 miles are populated with large lakes, many as long as 25 to 30 miles. But their points, peninsulas, bays and hundreds of small islands are also complicated to navigate. Steger explained that once he moves into these lakes, he’ll begin breaking out of the forested areas. Within 150 miles of the trip’s start, he’ll be in open territory without a tree in sight. By then, April will have arrived, the windiest month of the year.

About 350 miles into the trip, Steger will enter the headwaters of the Thelon River system. The first is the Elk River with rapids and waterfalls that can be very tricky to navigate and demand caution. The fast-moving upper Thelon River follows, running through gorges and more rapids. Eventually it widens and flows into even larger lakes, sometimes 40-miles long. When he reaches the final 70 miles, the current is swift and hold the biggest mysteries. “It could be jammed with ice. Almost anything could be in there. It makes the trip really exciting to have unknowns at the end.”

Travel Weather

With winter closing out, temperatures at Black Lake could range anywhere from 40 degrees below zero to 40-above. Steger said the ideal travel conditions for canoe sledding are daytime thawing with nighttime freezes. “Then lake travel is fast. Some of the portages become solid, too, and you can haul over them.”

Available daylight is another advantage because the Arctic sun returns quickly during the day. Steger said March, April and May are typically perfect for this kind of travel.

The Canoe Sled

Steger’s canoe sled is a modified Kevlar canoe with runners. He can paddle it or haul over snow and ice. In icy conditions, he said he can pull the 220-pound payload with one finger; it’s that easy. Whereas if he gets into thawing snow, he can’t budge it with all his might.

The canoe sled also factors into safety. On thin ice, Steger will straddle the canoe from the rear, grab the gunwales and push it like a scooter. If his feet go through the ice, he’ll fall forward onto his chest into the canoe.

“It’s really quite safe,” he said. “The canoe allows me to cross razor-thin ice. But without it, I just couldn’t be out there.”

The canoe is manufactured by Northstar Canoes from Princeton, Minnesota. Steger has been designing canoe sleds with Northstar founder Ted Bell since 1996. “Ted’s the best canoe designer in the world,” Steger said.

The Tent

Steger’s specialized tent will be his only shelter on the Barrens and critical to his safety. The real danger is setting up his tent alone in a Barren Lands blizzard with 80 mph winds.

The tent is Quonset-shaped and customized to Steger’s specifications. It weighs about four and a half pounds and features a double wall that captures dead air in between. Its main cover is black with yellow sides so light can pass through. Steger said the black coloring in clear sunshine provides warmth that saves him heating fuel.

The tent was developed by the late Jack Stephenson, a mentor of Steger’s. It’s made by Warmlite and is the one he’s used on most of his expeditions.


Steger’s clothing includes a dry suit, one of his most crucial pieces of apparel. When he’s on thin ice, he wears it with a life preserver.

As a former clothing designer for Montbell, Steger said he continues to wear their gear on expeditions to this day. “I consider it the best outdoors clothing available on the market for serious use.”

Follow Will Steger’s Barren Lands expedition through his daily satellite phone dispatches on this website.

Learn More

Here are some useful links to learn about the Canadian Barren Lands, Will Steger’s expedition, and more.

Will Steger's Recommended Reading List

As part of expedition preparation, Will does his homework. He’s an avid reader with a personal library that contributes to his education and motivates his spirit. The titles below are his hand-picked recommendations that offer additional in-depth understanding of the Barren Lands and supplement his upcoming expedition.

Check out Will Steger’s Recommended Reading List

Are You An Educator?

Sign up with Climate Generation to follow Will’s journey with your students and receive two emails a week with a link to the Story Map detailing his journey, classroom activities to do, and questions to prompt investigations and discussions in your classroom.

Sign Up Today at Climate Generation

Gear Will Steger Is Using On The Expedition

  MontbellNorthstar Canoes 

A high percentage of your heat is lost through your head and hands. I bring three different pairs of gloves and more than three hat and scarf combinations to ensure I stay warm and dry in extreme weather conditions.

My outer mittens are by Mont Bell. My warm and utilitarian gloves are made by Columbia. My hats are always made of fleece (not wool) so they breathe and stay dry.

Learn more:


Thank you to Tasha Van Zandt and Sebastian Zeck for producing the Solo 2015 Expedition video series  .  Photo and video credit: Tasha Van Zandt  

Hauling my canoe-sled and gear is a tremendous amount of work. I burn 8,000 calories a day.

Layers allow me to maintain good body heat during hard work and still stay warm while resting

My Mont Bell fleece and down coats are some of the most important items I carry with me on expeditions.

Learn more about the range of items I use to stay warm, dry and safe during my winter expeditions.




Thank you to Tasha Van Zandt and Sebastian Zeck for producing the Solo 2015 Expedition video series  .  Photo and video credit: Tasha Van Zandt  

I’ve develop a small, lightweight power system that I use on my expeditions. It consists of a 14-Watt solar panel and battery pack, both made by Brunton.

I’ve been working with Brunton for about 20 years. Having a power system you trust is imperative to safety during wilderness journeys.

This simple power system keeps my Satellite Phone, iPhone and 2 cameras charged.
For cameras I use an Olympus Stylus and the GlobePro camera. Both are waterproof.


Thank you to Tasha Van Zandt and Sebastian Zeck for producing the Solo 2015 Expedition video series  .  Photo and video credit: Tasha Van Zandt  


A good harness makes hours of hauling heavy sleds through deep show possible. This harness was designed over 20-years ago by me and several other explorers. Granite Gear made it for us.

Learn more and watch the video..


Thank you to Tasha Van Zandt and Sebastian Zeck for producing the Solo 2015 Expedition video series  .  Photo credit: Tasha Van Zandt  


Good gear is critical to any wilderness expedition.  Quality, weight, performance…these and other factors are carefully considered before each piece is selected, reviewed and packed.  Some of my most important gear, such as my canoe and portions of my clothing, are handcrafted to meet the demands of each expedition.

This video is the first in a series telling the story of each piece of gear going with me for my 2015 Solo expedition.

The Canoe: A Canoe Custom Built by Northstar Canoes